How Does an Orthosis Work?
In addition to the basic functions, such as protection, correction and improvement of limited functions, modern orthoses can be adapted very precisely to the patient’s needs. In the case of orthoses for the paralysed, this is done primarily by means of orthotic joints at knee and ankle level.
In contrast to earlier rigid devices, which often severely restricted movement and sat like “knight’s armour”, today’s orthoses enhance the ability to move. By using orthotic joints, the dynamics of the orthosis can be precisely aligned with the pivot points of the movement axes of the anatomical joints of the lower extremity. The dynamics of the orthosis occur exactly where the dynamics in the skeletal system occur in healthy people. Since the dynamics of the orthosis are achieved through the orthotic joints, the orthosis shells can be produced stable and torsion-resistant. This is crucial for the quality and function of the orthosis, since it is the only way to ensure that the orthosis provides the necessary stability to achieve security when standing and walking.
Although the orthosis is applied locally, it effects the entire body. Back or shoulder pain is often caused by compensation postures or a pathological (abnormal) gait. Medical treatment, physiotherapy and an optimal orthotic treatment can enable an almost unrestricted life.