The term "indication" (lat. indicare = to indicate) is understood as the reason for the application of a therapeutic or diagnostic measure, which is used to treat a certain clinical picture.
Paraplegia as well as spina bifida (myelomeningocele) are spinal cord injuries. In both cases, there is a mechanical injury to the spinal cord cross section.
Cerebral palsy (in short CP) is the collective term for posture and movement disorders resulting from an early childhood brain damage. Other terms are e.g. infantile cerebral palsy or infantile brain palsy.
A stroke is also called apoplexy, brain attack or cerebrovascular accident. According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), around 15 million people worldwide suffer a stroke every year.